Category Archives for Politics

The 2018 Midterm Election are Historic-Get Off The Bench!

by Alex Seitz-Wald /NBC NEWS       

WASHINGTON — In every midterm election since the Civil War, the president’s party has lost, on average, 32 seats in the House and two in the Senate.

The Midterm elections are on Nov. 6th.

DON’T BUY THE HYPE, DONT BE COMPLACENT-GET OFF THE BENCH-VOTE!

Democrats need only 24 seats to flip the House and two to take the Senate.

“History says we’re going to lose the majority,” said Cory Bliss, the executive director of the Congressional Leadership Fund, a major Republican super PAC. “Our job is defy history.”

Rarely has a president alienated so many Americans so quickly as Donald Trump. And after nearly a year of total GOP control in Washington, voters say by double digits they’d rather have the Democrats in charge on Capitol Hill.

“There’s a lot of buyer’s remorse out here,” said Tim Waters, the political director of the Pittsburgh-based United Steelworkers union. “People have gone out of their way to give these guys a chance, and it just hasn’t paid off.”

But the GOP majorities are defended not just by incumbency and super PACs, but by structural advantages in both chambers.

We remain in prime position to defend our majorities in 2018,” said Republican National Chairman Ronna McDaniels, in a statement to NBC News.

In the Senate, the battleground offers far more liabilities than opportunities for Democrats because the 33 states in play next year are redder than average.

“We’re going to have a headwind, there’s no question about that,” said Rob Jesmer, the former executive director of the National Republican Senatorial Committee. “The question is, does the map bail us out?”

And in the House, Democrats will need to win the popular vote by an especially wide margin to overcome GOP gerrymandering and Democrats’ own natural geographic handicap. That basically means Democrats can’t take the chamber without a landslide.

mocrats can’t take the chamber without a landslide.

Battle for Congress, 2018

For instance, in 2012, House Democrats won about 1 million more votes nationwide than Republicans, but that wasn’t big enough to put them anywhere near retaking the chamber.

 Experts disagree on exactly how big of a landslide Democrats need in the House — estimates range from as little as 53 percent to as much as 58 percent of the national vote — but they agree a narrow majority like 2012’s won’t cut it.

Meanwhile, Republican voters are typically more reliable than Democrats in non-presidential elections, making it less likely to see the kind of collapse Barack Obama suffered during his two midterm elections in 2010, when his party lost the majority in the House, and in 2014, when they lost the Senate.

“The problem is Trump is still very popular within in the Republican Party, like it or not,” said Rep. Tim Ryan, D-Ohio. “It’s hard to have a wave if the intensity with the incumbent is high.”

Things can and will change. An unexpected and quickly forgotten Ebola scare, and dissatisfaction with the Obama administration’s handling of the crisis, dominated the final weeks of the 2014 midterms and gave a boost to Republicans.

The Senate

What to watch:

  • Anti-establishment vs. establishment GOP primaries
  • Democrats on defense in states Trump won: Indiana, West Virginia, Montana, North Dakota, Florida, Ohio, Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania
  • Minnesota (Tina Smith, who will be the successor to Sen. Al Franken, D-Minn., will be running to fill his term)
  • Democrats on offense: Nevada, Arizona
  • Will unexpected states get competitive? Democrats are keeping an eye on Tennessee and TexasTwo countervailing forces — Democratic energy and a GOP dream map — are expected to largely cancel each other out this year and leave the GOP majority intact. But with Republicans defending a thin majority, down to just two seats after Doug Jones’ surprise win in Alabama, even small changes could reset the chamber.
    The fight for control of the Senate

    “The political structure of some of these states will allow us to save a majority in what will be a very difficult year,” said Jesmer, the former top GOP Senate operative.

    Only a third of the Senate’s 100 seats are up for grabs in any one election, and with this set, Republicans lucked out.

    Democrats have to defend 10 seats in states Trump won, including in five where he won by double digits and where he remains popular. That leaves them with just two solid pickup opportunities — in Nevada and Arizona.

    Nonetheless, there are still a few wildcards that could shake up the stalemate.

     Republicans in several key states, including Nevada and Arizona, are locked in divisive primary battles egged on by activists like former Trump adviser Steve Bannon, which could produce flawed or far-right nominees.

    “If we nominate fringe candidates who show they aren’t ready to govern, we’re going to sacrifice seats,” said Alex Conant, a former adviser to Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla.

    Senate Democrats have become adept at quietly sidelining candidates they think are unelectable and clearing the way for favored ones.

    Meanwhile, two senators are facing serious health issues, including one, John McCain, R-Ariz., from a competitive state, and another, Thad Cochran, R-Miss., whose vacancy would trigger a potentially nasty GOP primary.

    Democrats are also hoping to expand the map and get lucky with more strong candidates like former Tennessee Gov. Phil Bredesen, who thrilled his party by jumping into the race for an open Senate seat.

“The lesson from Alabama is, if you field the right candidate and the environment is right, that nothing is in the realm of the impossible,” said Lynda Tran, a founding partner of the Obama-aligned 270 Strategies.

The House of Representatives

What to watch:

  • The suburban revolt against Republicans
  • Democratic primaries
  • Republican retirements
  • The magic number for Democrats: 24

With control of the chamber — and the potential impeachment of the president that could come with it — on the line, the House will upstage its big brother in the Senate this time around.

There are so many rosy data points for House Democrats it’s hard to know where to begin. Democratic challengers are out-fundraising, out-polling and out-recruiting both their own records and their GOP incumbents, 32 of whom have already decided to retire rather than run for re-election (compared to 16 Democrats).

Polling, wrote analyst Harry Enten of FiveThirtyEight, shows “Republicans in worse shape right now than any other majority party at this point in the midterm cycle since at least the 1938 election.”

Preparing for a wave, Democrats are putting as many proverbial surfboards as possible in the water, targeting 91 congressional districts (compared to 36 for Republicans).

“The Democratic enthusiasm here is unprecedented. I’ve never seen anything like it,” said Pat Ryan, who is running against a Republican incumbent in an upstate New York district that swung from Obama to Trump.

Ryan, a West Point graduate who did two tours in Iraq before starting a small IT business, is indicative of the bumper crop of quality candidates Democrats have managed to recruit this year.

“You are seeing credible candidates in races that we’ve never been competitive in before,” said Charlie Kelly, the executive director of House Majority PAC, Democrats’ primary House super PAC.

To defend their majority, Republicans are reaching for a familiar playbook.

 We’re going to put Nancy Pelosi on trial and prosecute the case,” said Bliss, the GOP super PAC boss whose groups plan to spend over $100 million this cycle. “Every morning at CLF (Congressional Leadership Fund), we take a moment of silence to appreciate Nancy Pelosi and thank her. We hope she never retires.”

Such attacks worked against Jon Ossoff in Georgia’s special congressional election this year, but they may also be Republicans’ only card to play.

Republicans’ don’t dispute that there’s an enthusiasm gap, but they see a silver lining in the competitive and potentially damaging Democratic primaries across the country.

Jim Hagedorn, a Republican running in a Democratic-held Minnesota district considered one of the GOP’s best pickup opportunities, has watched happily as he says the seven candidates vying to be his Democratic opponent trip over themselves to adopt “goofy left” positions on guns and abortion, among other issues.

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NBC NEWS 2018 MIDTERMS

 

 

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The 2020 Census at Risk and What’s at Stake

By Jim Tankersley & Emily Baumgaertner    New York Times

WASHINGTON — The United States census is so much more than just a head count. It is a snapshot of America that determines how congressional seats are apportioned, how state and federal dollars are distributed, where businesses choose to ship products and where they build new stores. To do all that properly, the count needs to be accurate.

The Commerce Department’s decision to restore a citizenship question to the census beginning in 2020 is prompting concerns about curtailing participation and possibly undercounting people living in the United States, particularly immigrants and minority groups who are expressing discomfort with answering questions from census workers.

Wilbur Ross, the commerce secretary, acknowledged concerns about decreased response rates in a memorandum released on Monday night. But he said asking about citizenship would enhance the results by helping calculate the percentage of the population eligible to vote.

An undercount of the population would have far-reaching implications. It could skew the data that are used to determine how many congressional representatives each state gets and their representation in state legislatures and local government bodies. It would shape how billions of dollars a year are allocated, including for schools and hospitals. It would undermine the integrity of a wide variety of economic data and other statistics that businesses, researchers and policymakers depend on to make decisions, including the numbers that underpin the forecasts for Social Security beneficiaries.

Here are several of the commercial, political and research efforts that depend on accurate
census data:

Divvying up seats in Congress, state legislatures and more

The Constitution requires the government to enumerate the number of people living in the United States every 10 years, and to use that data to apportion the seats in Congress among the states. The calculation is based on total resident population — which means citizens and noncitizens alike — and it generally shifts power between the states once a decade, in line with population and migration trends.

States including Texas, Florida, Colorado and Oregon are projected to gain seats after the 2020 numbers are in. Illinois, Ohio, New York and West Virginia are among the states expected to lose seats. An undercount could shift those projections.

Lawmakers also use census data to draw congressional district boundaries within states, an often-controversial process that can help decide partisan control of the House. Census data also underpin state legislative districts and local boundaries like City Councils and school boards.

Handing out federal and state dollars

The federal government bases a large amount of its spending decisions on census data. Researchers concluded last year that in the 2015 fiscal year, 132 government programs used information from the census to determine how to allocate more than $675 billion, much of it for programs that serve lower-income families, including Head Start, Medicare, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Pell grants for college and reduced-price school lunch programs. Highway spending is also apportioned according to census data.

Influencing business decisions

To sell products and services, companies large and small need good information on the location of potential customers and how much money they might have to spend. The census provides the highest-quality and most consistent information on such items, and businesses have come to depend on it to make critical choices.

Census data help companies decide where to locate distribution centers to best serve their customers, where to expand or locate new stores and where they have the best chance of seeing a high return on investment. That is why business groups have been particularly concerned about the integrity of that data.

“The 2020 census is used to help construct many other data products produced by the federal government,” said Michael R. Strain, an economist at the American Enterprise Institute who writes frequently on the importance of census data for policymakers and the private sector.

“Some of those products are heavily used by businesses when determining where to open new stores and expand operations, or even what items to put on their shelves. This affects retail businesses, for sure, but businesses in many other sectors as well,” he added.

Planning for various health and wellness programs

Low response rates from any one demographic group would undermine the validity of various population-wide statistics and program planning.

Scientists use census data to understand the distribution of diseases and health concerns such as cancer and obesity across the United States population, including drilling down to race and ethnicity to identify health patterns across demographics. Public health officials then use the data to target their interventions in at-risk communities. Inaccurate census data could lead public health officials to invest in solving a problem that does not exist — or worse, to overlook one that does.

“It’s getting harder to conduct the census, due to a variety of factors, including increasing cultural & linguistic diversity, and distrust of the government,” said Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach, an economist who directs the Institute for Policy Research at Northwestern University. “The addition of the citizenship question will make the enumerators’ jobs even harder by heightening privacy concerns and reducing participation among immigrants, who may fear the information will be used to harm them or their families.”

Gaming out Social Security

An undercount in the census could also impact forecasts about Social Security payouts, which are already increasing as a share of the federal government’s revenue.

When Congress plans for the costs of the country’s Social Security needs, lawmakers rely upon demographic projection about the population’s future: the number of children expected to be born, the number of people expected to die, and the number of people expected to immigrate. If baseline data regarding the current population are inaccurate, future projections could be skewed, causing financial challenges down the line.

Immigration Separation Policy Traumatizes Children

Reposted from QUARTZ

Department of Homeland Separation

Science shows just how traumatizing
it is
to separate kids from parents
at the US-Mexico border

This spring, the White House implemented a new “zero-tolerance policy” intended to crack down undocumented immigrants attempting to enter the US along the country’s southwest border. Among the central targets of this policy are the children of immigrants, some as young as 18 months old.

US attorney general Jeff Sessions announced on May 7 that the Department of Homeland Security would be referring 100% of immigrants illegally crossing the border for criminal prosecution in federal court—and that any minors traveling with them would be taken into government custody. In a speech explaining the new guidelines, Sessions said, “If you’re smuggling a child, then we’re going to prosecute you, and that child will be separated from you, probably, as required by law.”

This is a major shift in policy, as immigrants previously charged with illegal entry—a misdemeanor on the first offense—had been allowed to stay in family shelters with their kids while awaiting asylum cases or deportation proceedings. Now, migrants attempting to enter the US illegally are being jailed and separated from their children.

It’s clear the separations are already having a devastating effect. One Houston Chronicle story tells the story of a man who was deported—alone—after attempting to cross the border, while his 18-month-old was placed in a federal shelter. Government agents couldn’t tell him where his child was. A story in the Arizona Daily Star reports on a Guatemalan woman begging the judge who sentenced her to serve time for illegal entry to tell her when she would be able to see her 8-year-old and 11-year-old sons again—and getting no clear response.

Heartbreaking as these stories are, the long-term consequences of the separation may be even worse. A strong body of science proves that separating children from their parents causes enduring harm to children’s emotional and mental health, and to the relationship between the child and their parent.

In US history there has been a precedence for this cruel and unwarranted Immigration policy.
JUST THINK ABOUT IT….
.I’m sure you’ll see the parallel.
The United Nations has recently condemned the United States for this criminal practice.

Attachment theory and parent-child separation

Attachment theory, developed in 1958 by John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth, explains that young children’s sense of security is rooted in their relationships with caregivers, which in turn shapes children’s social, cognitive, and emotional regulation skills. That means separating a child from the caregiver puts the child’s long-term development at risk.

One 2011 study, published in the journal Attachment and Human Development, examined the effects of mother-child separation upon children under two years of age who had been apart from their mothers for a week or more. Most of the children came from low-income families. The researchers found that children who had been separated from their mothers at a young age showed more aggression and negativity at ages three and five, noting that involuntary separations were much more likely to have a negative effect. Meanwhile, a 2009 study of Chinese children who had been separated from their parents found that children whose parents had migrated in search of employment opportunities early in life were at greater risk of anxiety and depression later on.

Because the separations at the US-Mexico border are both forced and unexpected, they’re likely to be particularly damaging for kids. “The physical separation between a parent and child, particularly when unexpected as in the case of deportation, disrupts this essential secure base, risking internalizing symptoms (depression, anxiety), externalizing behaviors (withdrawal, aggression), and social and cognitive difficulties,” as one 2014 study (pdf) of detention and deportation of US migrants, published in the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, explains.

The effects of being separated from a parent can be difficult even when children are well cared for—say, staying with a grandparent or another trusted relative. But under the new US policy, parents are prosecuted and their kids are taken into government custody. Children are treated much better than their parentsthey have to be transferred to the Office of Refugee Resettlement within 72 hours of being taken into custody by Homeland Security, given access to free legal services, held in a safe, sanitary, and “least-restrictive” possible environment, and given time to play outside. But the number of minors entering the US illegally is set to soon outpace the space available for them. So the Trump administration is reportedly considering holding undocumented immigrant children in military facilities.

And there’s reason to believe that the US government isn’t a trustworthy custodian. In 2018, the Office of Refugee Resettlement, which handles the placement of undocumented immigrant children into shelters or with sponsors, reported that it could not “determine with certainty the whereabouts of 1,475” unaccompanied children who had previously been resettled with sponsors. And a 2016 report found that the Department of Health and Human Services unwittingly released a dozen minors into the custody of human traffickers.

In an April 26, 2018 oversight hearing, senator Rob Portman, the Republican junior senator for Ohio, gave an overview of the systemic ways in which US immigration officials are failing to enact basic protections to the children of undocumented immigrants. “We need to do better,” Portman said. In the weeks since, it seems, the US has been doing worse.

This reporting is part of a series supported by a grant from the Bernard van Leer Foundation. The author’s views are not necessarily those of the Bernard van Leer Foundation.

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